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Products  |  Fluid Mechanics  |  Hydraulics for Civil Engineering  |  HM 166
HM 166 Fundamentals of Sediment Transport Show data sheet (pdf file) Print page
Technical Description

  In many real open channels there is sediment transport that affects the flow behaviour. Normally the key component is bed-load transport. HM 166 uses sand to demonstrate important phenomena of bed-load transport in the area near the bottom. The transparent experimental section allows observation of the formation of ripples in the river bed.
  HM 166 consists of a circulating, oval, transparent flow channel. A deepening for holding the sediment in the longitudinal side of the channel forms the experimental section. The other longitudinal side contains a paddle that produces the flow. A flow straightener at the inlet to the experimental section ensures low-turbulence flow.
  The speed of the paddle can be adjusted in order to study how the flow velocity affects the bed-load transport. Flow velocities can be generated in the region of critical discharge (without sediment). The paddle is driven by an electric motor and a belt drive. Motor and speed adjustment are located under the base plate and are water resistant.
  The fluvial obstacle mark, i.e. scour formation and siltation at bridge piers, is observed at three different pier models, which are inserted into the experimental section.
  The well-structured instructional material sets out the fundamentals and provides a step-by-step guide through the experiments.

Learning Objectives / Experiments

observation of

  * starting conditions for bed-load transport
  * how flow velocity affects bed-load transport
  * ripple and dune formation on the river bed
  * fluvial obstacle mark of bridge piers (scour

    formation and siltation)
  * secondary flows in channel bends


additionally with fine sand
- observation of solid matter flows
- how sediment size and density affect sediment



* Sediment transport in open channels1
* Circulating flow channel with transparent side walls

  as open channel1
* Observing ripple formation and fluvial obstacle


Alternative products
HM 140 -- Open-Channel Sediment Transport
HM 168 -- Sediment Transport in River Courses
Fundamentals of Sediment Transport

[1] experimental unit for bed-load transport in open channels
[2] transparent, circular, oval flow channel as open channel
[3] variable-speed paddle to generate the flow velocity
[4] experimental section with transparent deepening for holding the sediment
[5] low-turbulence flow at the inlet to the experimental section thanks to a flow straightener
[6] paddle driven via electric motor and belt drive
[7] three different bridge piers for observing fluvial obstacle marks on piers


Technical Data

Experimental section
- length: 660mm
- cross-section WxH: 50x200mm
- deepening: 50mm
Flow channel
- height: 150mm
- width: 50...72mm
- 12 blades
- diameter: 330mm
- speed at the paddle: 5,2...70min-1
Flow velocity: approx. 0...1m/s


Dimensions and Weight
LxWxH: 1.030x410x560mm
Weight: approx. 42kg
Required for Operation
230V, 50/60Hz, 1 phase or 120V, 60Hz/CSA, 1 phase
Scope of Delivery
1 experimental unit
3 piers
5kg coarse sand (grain size 1...2mm) with blade
1 filter unit, 1 Allen key
1 set of instructional material
Order Details

070.16600  HM 166  Fundamentals of Sediment


© 2005 G.U.N.T. Gerätebau GmbH